Reference code(s): GB 0210 PICTLE
Title: Picton Castle Estate Records
Short title: Picton Castle estate, records
Dates of creation: 1285-1981
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 4.098 cubic metres (138 boxes, 8 rolls, 42 volumes, 1 file)
Name of creator(s): Picton Castle estate
Administrative and biographical history: The Picton Castle estate, Pembrokeshire, was acquired by the Phillips family when Sir Thomas ap Philip of Cilsant married Jane, daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Dwnn, of Picton sometime before 1491. The Philipps also acquired Gelliswick and Kilgetty when Elizabeth Canon married into the Philipps family in the late 17th century.
The estate remained in the hands of the Phillips family until the death without issue of Sir Richard Philipps, 7th Bart, Lord Milford, in 1823. The estate was inherited by Sir Richard Bulkeley Grant who assumed the surname and arms of Philipp. His grandmother had been the reputed daughter of Bulkeley Philipps, youngest son of Sir John Philipps, 4th Bart. Sir Richard Bulkeley's heir was his half-brother, the Rev. James Henry Alexander Philipps (formerly Gwyther), who assumed by royal licence the surname and arms of Philipps. On his death the estate passed to his son-in-law, Charles Edward Gregg Philipps. On the death without issue of Sir John Erasmus Gwynne Alexander Philipps in 1948, the estate passed to Sir Richard Foley Foley-Philipps, 4th Bart, cousin of Sir John Erasmus, and grandson of Charles Edward Gregg Philipps, 1st Bart. The Tregyb estate became part of the Picton Castle estate in 1974.
According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Rev. John Henry Alexander Philipps, of Picton Castle owned an estimated 21,455 acres in Wales (in Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire), with an estimated rental of £23,696.
Scope and content: Deeds relating to the Picton Castle estate, mainly in Pembrokeshire, 1285-1981; manorial records of the manors of Manorbier, Penally, etc., 1601-1851; rentals of the Picton Castle estate, 1710-1981; of the Slebech estate, 1919-1930, and of the Tregyb estate, 1965-1974; Picton Castle estate accounts, cash books, ledgers, etc., 1717-1971; records relating to coal mining in Pembrokeshire, 1632, 1684-1857; estate and family papers,1656-1928, mainly correspondence; and estate maps and plans, 1773-1910, together with portraits, sketches and miscellaneous prints and drawings.
Language/script: English, Latin
System of arrangement: The first group has been arranged chronologically apart from maps, plans, etc., which are arranged by record type. The second group has been arranged chronologically by record type.
Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogues are available at NLW and HMC. The catalogues can be accessed on-line from http://www.llgc.org.uk:81/index.htm
Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from http://www.mdr.nationalarchives.gov.uk/mdr/
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at NLW have been retained
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Mrs Sheila Plunkett, afterwards Baroness Dunsany, in January 1949, and by Lady Dunsany, per Mrs T.E. Blois-Brooke in December 1985.
Related units of description: Further papers relating to the Philipps family and their Picton Castle estate are Pembrokeshire Record Office, D/RTM/PIC, D/RTP/PIC, and HDX/952, and NLW MSS 23273-36. Further maps and plans of the estate are National Library of Wales, Map Collections, PG 4210-4275.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1950 (London, 1959); James, Brian 'The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873', National Library of Wales Journal, XIV (1965-66); Jones, Francis, Historic Houses of Pembrokeshire and their families (Newport,1996).
Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.
Date(s) of description: April 2002